6.701 / 6.719 Introduction to Nanoelectronics

As taught in: Spring 2010

Four diagrams relating to nanoelectronics.

Clockwise from top left: a wavepacket plotted on the complex plane, a model for charge injection and transport through a ballistic nanowire, a billiard ball model of a reversible computer, and the simplified energy bandstructure of graphene. (Image courtesy of Prof. Marc Baldo.)

Level:

Undergraduate / Graduate

Instructors:

Prof. Marc Baldo

Course Features

Course Highlights

This course features a complete set of course notes, which cover the "bottom up" approach to electronic devices at an undergraduate level.

Course Description

Traditionally, progress in electronics has been driven by miniaturization. But as electronic devices approach the molecular scale, classical models for device behavior must be abandoned. To prepare for the next generation of electronic devices, this class teaches the theory of current, voltage and resistance from atoms up. To describe electrons at the nanoscale, we will begin with an introduction to the principles of quantum mechanics, including quantization, the wave-particle duality, wavefunctions and Schrödinger's equation. Then we will consider the electronic properties of molecules, carbon nanotubes and crystals, including energy band formation and the origin of metals, insulators and semiconductors. Electron conduction will be taught beginning with ballistic transport and concluding with a derivation of Ohm's law. We will then compare ballistic to bulk MOSFETs. The class will conclude with a discussion of possible fundamental limits to computation.